For those who have left over scrap items of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you should consider turning those pieces of left over food and vegetables into compost to make your own worm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a earthworm farm, you will have a small version of a compost bin in your yard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of fun.
What you would be requiring to get started on work on your earthworm farms is the next items; you will need to acquire a strong plastic 7 inch deep container. This kind of container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Retain in mind that when keeping worms and making worm farms, that the worms are considered to do better when being kept in the darkness.
If you are utilizing a special container that is clear, you will want to make sure that you wrap up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to do when managing a worm farm is that you will want to make certain that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not like this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the type of worms you will want to use for your worm farms, the most common type of worms for worm farms are the red earthworm. These worms are often known as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to farm night crawlers or earthworms as these two kinds of worms will not work well for your worm farms.
When creating the bedding material, you will need to use some shredded up newspaper that has recently been moistened but not very wet. You will only want to use the black and white pieces of the newspaper and never the advertisements or shiny pages.
Most generally the classifieds will work great. You will then want to add a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil plus add a few cracked egg shells to the bin as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will never work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm farm will help to allow the earthworms breathe without drowning them.
When giving food to your earthworm farms, you will want to start with feeding them fruit and vegetable waste and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread and oatmeal as well as pasta. If you reside in the southern areas, you might want to even consider using grits.
You do not need to feed them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruits and coffee as well as tea bags. The pH level must be kept in between 7 and 8. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid level of the coffee grounds. You will want to make sure that you are using egg shells which may have been cooked as this is what works best for worm compost.
Once managing the worms inside of the home, you will want to keep a lid on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow o2 to seep inside of the container which the worms will require in order to live. After you have done this, keep them in a dark spot and allow them to feed every couple of times as the worms do not eat more than half of their own bodyweight per single day.
In the event that you follow these steps when building your worm farms, you will discover a nice little way to save the left over food from your home and turn it into something useful other than just trash.