For those who have left over scrap items of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you should consider turning those items of remaining food and vegetables into compost to make your own earthworm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a earthworm farm, you will have a small version of any compost bin in your yard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of fun.
What you should be requiring to start focus on your worm farms is the next items; you will need to obtain a sturdy plastic six inch deep container. This container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Retain in mind that when keeping worms and building worm farms, that the worms are considered to do better when being kept in the darkness.
If you are utilizing a plastic container that is clear, you will want to make certain that you wrap up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which can make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to consider when keeping a worm farm is that you will want to be sure that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not envy this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the type of worms that you will want to use for your worm farms, the most typical form of worms for worm farms are the red earthworm. These worms are often termed as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to farm night crawlers or earthworms as these two kinds of worms will not work good for your worm farms.
When making the bedding material, you will need to use some shredded up newspaper that has been moistened but not very wet. You will only want to use the black and white pieces of the newspaper rather than the ads or shiny pages.
Most generally the classified pages will work great. You may then want to add a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil plus add a few cracked egg shells to the bin as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will never work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm bin will help to let the earthworms breathe without drowning them.
When feeding your earthworm farms, you will want to start with feeding them fruit and vegetable waste and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread plus oatmeal as well as pasta. If you are now living in the southern areas, you might want to even consider using grits.
You do not want to give them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruit and coffee as well as tea bags. The pH level should be managed in between 7 and eight. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid of the coffee grounds. You will want to be sure that you will be using egg shells which may have been cooked as this is what works best for worm farms.
Once keeping the worms inside of the home, you will want to keep a lid on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow oxygen to get inside of the container which the worms will require in order to live. Once you have done this, keep them in a dark area and allow them to feed every couple of days as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body mass each day.
In the event you follow these steps when building your worm farms, you will find a great little way to save the remaining food from your home and turn it into something useful other than just trash.