If you have left over scrap items of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you should consider turning those parts of left over food and vegetables into compost to make your own earthworm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a earthworm farm, you will have a tiny version of any compost bin in your yard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of fun.
What you will be seeking to start out work with your earthworm farms is the following items; you will need to obtain a sturdy plastic 7 inch deep container. This kind of container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Keep in mind that when keeping worms and making worm farms, that the worms are considered to do better when being kept in the dark.
If you are using a plastic container that is clear, you will want to make sure that you wrap up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which can make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to consider when managing a worm farm is that you will want to make sure that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not like this and will look for a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the type of worms that you will want to use for your worm farms, the most typical form of worms for worm farms are the red worm. These worms are often referred to as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to use night crawlers or earthworms as these two types of worms will not work well for your worm farms.
When making the bedding material, you will want to use some shredded up newspaper that has been moistened but not soaking wet. You will only want to use the black and white pieces of the newspaper and never the ads or shiny pages.
Most generally the classifieds can work great. You will then want to add a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil and add a couple of cracked egg shells to the mix as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will not work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm bin will help to allow the earthworms breathe without drowning them.
When feeding your worm farms, you will want to get started on with feeding them fruit and vegetable scraps and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread and oatmeal as well as pasta. If you are now living in the southern areas, you might want to even consider using grits.
You do not want to give them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruits and coffee as well as tea bags. The pH level should be managed in between 7 and 8. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid of the coffee grounds. You will want to make sure that you are using egg shells that have been cooked as this is what works best for worm farms.
Once managing the worms within the home, you will want to keep a cover on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow air to seep inside of the container which the worms will require in order to live. After you have done this, keep them in a dark place and allow them to eat every couple of times as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body mass each day.
In the event that you follow these steps when building your worm farms, you will find a great little way to save the remaining food from your home and turn it into something other than just trash.