If you have left over scrap pieces of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you might consider turning those pieces of remaining food and vegetables into compost to make your own earthworm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a earthworm farm, you will have a little version of any compost bin in your backyard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of entertainment.
What you would be seeking to get started on work with your worm farms is the following items; you will need to have a sturdy plastic 7 inch deep container. This container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Keep in mind that when keeping worms and making worm farms, that the worms are known to do better when being managed in the darkness.
If you are using a special container that is clear, you will want to be sure that you wrap it up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which can make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to consider when managing a worm farm is that you will want to make sure that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not envy this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the kind of worms you will want to use for your worm farms, the most common form of worms for worm farms are the red worm. These worms are often termed as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to use night crawlers or earthworms as these two kinds of worms will not work well for your worm farms.
When coming up with the bedding material, you will need to use some shredded up newspaper that has recently been moistened but not soaking wet. You will only want to use the black and white pages of the newspaper and never the ads or shiny pages.
Most generally the classifieds can work great. You may then want to add a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil plus add a few cracked egg shells to the mix as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will not work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm farm will help to let the worms breathe without drowning them.
When feeding your earthworm farms, you may want to begin with feeding them fruit and vegetable waste and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread plus oatmeal as well as pasta. If you are now living in the southern areas, you may want to even consider using grits.
You do not need to feed them foods that are high in acid such as lemon or lime fruits and coffee as well as tea bags. The pH level should be managed in between 7 and eight. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid of the coffee grounds. You will want to be sure that you will be using egg shells which have been cooked as this is what works best for worm farms.
Once managing the worms within the home, you will want to keep a top on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow oxygen to get inside of the container which the worms will need in order to live. When you have done this, keep them in a dark spot and allow them to eat every couple of times as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body mass each day.
In the event that you follow actions when building your worm farms, you will discover a nice little way to save the left over food from your home and turn it into something useful other than just rubbish.