For those who have left over scrap pieces of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you should consider turning those parts of remaining food and vegetables into compost to make your own earthworm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a earthworm farm, you will have a tiny version of a compost bin in your yard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of entertainment.
What you would be requiring to start work on your worm farms is the following items; you will need to acquire a sturdy plastic several inch deep container. This kind of container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Keep in mind that when keeping worms and building worm farms, that the worms are known to thrive better when being kept in the dark.
If you are using a plastic container that is clear, you will want to be sure that you wrap up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the box which make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to do when keeping a worm farm is that you will want to ensure that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not envy this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the type of worms that you will want to use for your worm farms, the most frequent type of worms for worm farms are the red earthworm. These worms are often known as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to farm night crawlers or earthworms as these two types of worms will not do well for your worm farms.
When coming up with the bedding material, you will want to use some shredded up newspaper that has recently been moistened but not soaking wet. You will only want to use the black and white pages of the newspaper rather than the ads or glossy pages.
Most generally the classifieds will work great. You will then want to input a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil plus add a few cracked egg shells to the mix as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will not work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm bin will help to allow the earthworms breathe without drowning them.
When feeding your earthworm farms, you may want to start out with feeding them fruit and vegetable scraps and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread plus oatmeal as well as pasta. If you stay in the southern areas, you may want to even consider using grits.
You do not need to feed them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruit and coco as well as tea bags. The pH level must be managed in between seven and 8. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid level of the coffee grounds. You will want to ensure that you will be using egg shells which may have been cooked as this is what works best for worm farms.
Once managing the worms within the home, you will want to keep a top on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow air to seep inside of the container which the worms will need in order to live. Once you have done this, keep them in a dark area and allow them to feed every couple of days as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body mass each day.
If you follow these steps when building your worm farms, you will discover a great little way to save the left over food from your home and turn it into something other than just trash.