If you have left over scrap pieces of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you should consider turning those pieces of left over food and vegetables into compost to make your own worm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a worm farm, you will have a little version of a compost bin in your backyard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of fun.
What you will be requiring to get started on focus on your worm farms is the next items; you will need to have a sturdy plastic six inch deep container. This kind of container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Keep in mind that when keeping worms and building worm farms, that the worms are known to thrive better when being managed in the dark.
If you are utilizing a plastic container that is clear, you will want to make certain that you wrap it up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to do when keeping a worm farm is that you will want to ensure that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not envy this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the type of worms that you will want to use for your worm farms, the most frequent type of worms for worm farms are the red worm. These worms are often referred to as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to farm night crawlers or earthworms as these two kinds of worms will not work well for your worm farms.
When making the bedding material, you will need to use some shredded up newspaper that has recently been moistened but not soaking wet. You will only want to use the black and white pieces of the newspaper and never the advertisements or glossy pages.
Most generally the classifieds will work nice. You will then want to input a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil and add a few cracked egg shells to the mix as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this will never work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm bin will help to allow the worms breathe without drowning them.
When giving food to your worm farms, you will want to start out with feeding them fruit and vegetable leftovers and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread plus oatmeal as well as pasta. If you stay in the southern areas, you might want to even consider using grits.
You may not need to give them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruit and coffee as well as tea bags. The pH level must be kept in between seven and eight. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid level of the coffee grounds. You will want to make sure that you are using egg shells that have been cooked as this is what works best for worm compost.
Once managing the worms inside the home, you will want to keep a cover on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow oxygen to seep inside of the container which the worms will require in order to live. After you have done this, keep them in a dark place and allow them to feed every couple of days as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body mass each day.
In the event you follow actions when building your worm farms, you will discover a nice little way to save the remaining food from your home and turn it into something useful other than just garbage.