If you have left over scrap parts of vegetables that you dispose of daily or weekly, then you might consider turning those pieces of remaining food and vegetables into compost to make your own earthworm farms. By turning your leftovers into compost for a worm farm, you will have a little version of any compost bin in your backyard while still leaving room in your yard for areas of fun.
What you should be seeking to start out focus on your earthworm farms is the following items; you will need to have a sturdy plastic several inch deep container. This container is going to be used to place your scraps into. Maintain in mind that when keeping worms and building worm farms, that the worms are known to thrive better when being managed in the darkness.
If you are using a special container that is clear, you will want to make certain that you wrap up in newspaper or foil to keep the light from seeping into the container which can make the worms very unhappy. Another thing to consider when managing a worm farm is that you will want to make certain that the worms are kept free and clear from any vibration as the worms do not like this and will seek a new living environment when being vibrated.
When it comes to the sort of worms you will want to use for your worm farms, the most frequent type of worms for worm farms are the red earthworm. These worms are often termed as being red wigglers or manure worms. You will not want to use night crawlers or earthworms as these two types of worms will not work good for your worm farms.
When creating the bedding material, you should use some shredded up newspaper that has been moistened but not soaking wet. You will only want to use the black and white pages of the newspaper and not the ads or shiny pages.
Most generally the classifieds can work great. You may then want to add a few handfuls of garden soil to potting soil and add a few cracked egg shells to the bin as well. Keep this bedding area wet but not to wet as this is not going to work well for the worms. The moisture in the worm bin will help to allow the earthworms breathe without drowning them.
When giving food to your earthworm farms, you will want to start with feeding them fruit and vegetable leftovers and scraps that are considered to be starches. Such starches are considered to be bread plus oatmeal as well as pasta. If you stay in the southern areas, you might like to even consider using grits.
You may not want to give them foods that are high in acid such as citrus fruits and coco as well as tea bags. The pH level should be kept in between 7 and 8. If you are using coffee grounds, you can include the egg shells to the mixture to cut down on the acid of the coffee grounds. You will want to be sure that you are using egg shells which may have been cooked as this is what works best for worm farms.
When keeping the worms inside of the home, you will want to keep a lid on the container but will want to place some slots in the lid to allow air to seep inside of the container which the worms will require in order to live. After you have done this, keep them in a dark spot and allow them to feed every couple of days as the worms do not eat more than half of their own body weight per single day.
In the event you follow these steps when building your worm farms, you will discover a great little way to save the left over food from your home and turn it into something useful other than just garbage.